He gifted his critics all the ammunition that they desired to stigmatise Ireland. The notorious character and conduct of Charles Bewley, the Irish minister to Germany in the s, would appear to substantiate this unkind depiction. Disturbing signs of his anti-Semitism, dogmatic Anglophobia and insolence are clear throughout his career from the early s. After he engaged in an unashamed charm offensive to curry favour with the Nazi regime. During his tenure, he recurrently endorsed Nazism as a safeguard against the expansion of Soviet Communism.
The Many Forms and Meanings of (Peace) Walls in Contemporary Northern Ireland
However, Bewley was not alone. Joseph P Walshe, the Secretary of the Department of External Affairs, was momentarily deceived by the intoxicating atmosphere of national reinvigoration that he found when he visited Cologne in Sections of the British and American conservative elites were also misled into believing that Hitler was an indispensable tonic for the chaos that Germany experienced during the Weimar Republic before Was Hitler the leader to renew Germany?
Perhaps he could be tamed to serve useful purposes? A prevalent view was that the Treaty of Versailles had unjustly humiliated Germany, stripping it of territory and forcing it to pay shameful reparations on the spurious grounds that it had caused the Great War. Walshe, de Valera and others in Dublin were quickly disabused of any mistaken admiration they might have held for Nazism. Had both states not suffered from imposed post-conflict settlements the Versailles Treaty of and the Anglo-Irish Treaty, ?
Such an outlook contended they had a common interest in righting the wrongs of the interwar order. Since the late 19th century, Irish revolutionaries had seen Germany as a prospective ally to assist their drive for independence. Germany was viewed as a military and economic counterpole to British influence, and the high quality products of its modern firms were sought for Irish industrialisation.
Ireland accepted successive faits accomplis by Hitler, such as the German withdrawal from the League of Nations , rearmament, the remilitarisation of the Rhineland , and the absorption of Austria Thinking in realpolitik terms, de Valera floated an arrangement with Germany in to divide Irish foreign trade evenly between Germany, Britain and the US. If the appeasement of Hitler failed and an Anglo-German war broke out, Britain needed a friendly western neighbour. However, in the final analysis, de Valera drew the line in The Irish Government did not recognise the German annexation of the rump Czechoslovakia in March He had to go.
De Valera hastily prepared the ground for neutrality as the war clouds gathered over Europe. Brexit is simply the latest episode in the enduring test that Irish national leaders perennially face as they seek to balance Britain and Germany. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem?
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This highly readable exploration of the central issues and debates about Northern Ireland sets them in the historical context of hundreds of years of conflict. It introduces all the key figures and organizations involved in current violent and political conflicts and tackles many questions, such as: What accounts for the perpetuation of ethnic and religious conflict in Ireland?
Why has armed violence proven so hard to control? Who are the major figures and issues in the conflict?
Can we expect more "Northern Irelands" in the future? A concise, reliable introduction to the historical and current situation, this book is ideal reading for anyone wanting to know more about the political climate of Northern Ireland. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages.
FRONTLINE/WORLD . Rough Cut . Northern Ireland: Uneasy Peace | PBS
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